The problem of identifying and absorbing new demand subjects in the operation of land trusteeship in X Prefecture is prominent. Under the guidance of studying the willingness of farmers in X Prefecture to participate in land trusteeship, this paper makes statistical analysis and empirical analysis. Finally, it is concluded that the willingness of farmers to participate in land trusteeship is related to farmers' agricultural operation, farmers' awareness of land trusteeship and incentive factors related to government policies. The better the situation of farmers' agricultural operation, the lower their trusteeship willingness. Farmers' awareness of land trusteeship and policy-related incentive factors play a positive role in promoting their willingness.