In order to grasp the relationship between farmers. willingness and behavior to withdraw from rural homesteads, based on the theory of planned behavior, a survey was conducted in Jizhou District, Tianjin using convenience sampling method. A total of 443 valid questionnaires were collected and they were analyzed by SPSS. The results are as follows.(i) The willingness of farmers to withdraw from rural homesteads is affected by pre-cognitive factors such as behavioral attitude, subject norm and perceived behavior control.(ii) Among the benefits that can be brought by the withdrawal of homesteads, farmers value the improvement of the housing environment the most.(iii) Family members. view and relatives and neighbors. withdrawing from homesteads also exerts greater pressure on farmers.(iv) Farmers generally lack trust in the village committees or government departments. claims.(v) The cost of relocation also restricts the perceived behavior control of farmers. homesteads withdrawing. Based on above result, the following suggestions are made: strengthening policy publicity, raising farmers. awareness of policies related to the withdrawal of homesteads, fully respecting farmers. wishes, promoting the withdrawal of rural homesteads in an orderly manner, expanding the scope of compensation for withdrawal of rural homesteads, and enriching compensation methods.