Marx and Engles were the founders of scientific socialism. They predicted that
pub1ic ownership would be put into practice in the future society. Lenin, the builder of
the first socialist country, combined Marxism with the facts of Russia and put forward
two forms of public ownership. Not only Marx and Engles but also Lenin reached their
conclusions on the basis of productive force. Stalin founded the ownership by the
whoe people and collective ownership and dogmatized collective ownership must be
upgraded to the ownership by the whole people. The above is the historical back-
ground of the CPC's probing into Chinese socialist ownership.
According to the changes of the structure of socialist ownership, the probing can
be divided into three stages: (1)The main body place of public ownership was estab-
lished and the structure of socialist ownership was diversified at first (1949. 10 -
1957 ). (2)Socialist ownership was changed, adjusted and sealed finally (1958 - 1978.
12). (3) The foundermental economic system has been formed that public ownership is
the main body and many sorts of ownership economics develop in common(1978. 12 -
The winding course was pregnant with rich experience. To probe into socialist
ownership, we must steadily emancipate our minds and seek truth from the facts. We
must firmly adhere to the main body place of the public ownership and stick to the
leadership of the CPC. We must understand non - public ownership is not opposite and
supplement but important part of socialist market economic and must develop it in pri-
mary stage of socialism. Our probing must be favorable to develop productive force,
improve the standard of people's life and enhance synthetical nation power.
The CPC's probing breaks through traditional conception of socialist ownership
and develops Marxism's ownership theory. It will be useful to speed up the restruc-
turing of economic systems and realize modernization in China and promote socialism
developing in the world.