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经济体制改革
中国共产党探索社会主义所有制的历史经验
Marx and Engles were the founders of scientific socialism. They predicted that pub1ic ownership would be put into practice in the future society. Lenin, the builder of the first socialist country, combined Marxism with the facts of Russia and put forward two forms of public ownership. Not only Marx and Engles but also Lenin reached their conclusions on the basis of productive force. Stalin founded the ownership by the whoe people and collective ownership and dogmatized collective ownership must be upgraded to the ownership by the whole people. The above is the historical back- ground of the CPC's probing into Chinese socialist ownership. According to the changes of the structure of socialist ownership, the probing can be divided into three stages: (1)The main body place of public ownership was estab- lished and the structure of socialist ownership was diversified at first (1949. 10 - 1957 ). (2)Socialist ownership was changed, adjusted and sealed finally (1958 - 1978. 12). (3) The foundermental economic system has been formed that public ownership is the main body and many sorts of ownership economics develop in common(1978. 12 - 1997. 9) The winding course was pregnant with rich experience. To probe into socialist ownership, we must steadily emancipate our minds and seek truth from the facts. We must firmly adhere to the main body place of the public ownership and stick to the leadership of the CPC. We must understand non - public ownership is not opposite and supplement but important part of socialist market economic and must develop it in pri- mary stage of socialism. Our probing must be favorable to develop productive force, improve the standard of people's life and enhance synthetical nation power. The CPC's probing breaks through traditional conception of socialist ownership and develops Marxism's ownership theory. It will be useful to speed up the restruc- turing of economic systems and realize modernization in China and promote socialism developing in the world.
硕士论文
《陕西师范大学》 2000年硕士论文

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