Who Realizes Constitutionalism in International Trade Law? Book Reviews:The Jurisprudence of GATT & the WTO:Insights on Treaty Law and Economic Relations.By John H.Jackson
<正>Over the last four decades,J.H.Jackson has written about nearly all aspects of international trade law,which played a key role as guide to research of GATT/WTO.In the wake of GATT's success in lowering tariff barriers to trade,negotiators increasingly focused on non-tariff barriers involving domestic policies and,in the process,provoked more frequent conflicts with public policies in non-trade areas,for example,environmental protection,labor and human rights standards,and competition issues.Especially,the Uruguay Round established rules for"new"areas of trade law and policy,including trade-related intellectual property protection and investment,and trade in services,resolved key problems that had hindered the effective resolution of GATT disputes,and provided benefits especially valuable to many developing countries.After several years' practices, merits of the system of WTO have been verified to be successful. Without question,GATT/WTO law became the focus of present international law.So,as a leading scholar in this field,significant contribution came from Jackson has far-reaching effect to international law. As the center of international trade system,WTO looks an international trade constitutionalism in this field.In view of different research way,as two outstanding representatives in academia, Jackson and Petersmann put forward to different ideas about constitutionalism of international trade law despite them hold same point to truth of constitutionalism of international trade law.So, it is not only a serious research but also a funny journey of thoughts.