Gender Mainstreaming is the strategy proposed at the Beijing Conference on Women and Development aiming at gender equality in the world. Over the last half a century, the status of Chinese women has been considerably improved. Nevertheless, the deep root of gender inequality in China has not been removed, and gender awareness is in general still weak in the society. Moreover, there is almost no clear-cut gender theory on which relevant social policy is based and implemented. Consequently, government policies regarding women often lack consistency and can be incompatible with other socio-economic policies, which greatly reduces the effectiveness of such efforts to advance women. This is very obvious in the current transitional period, as more emphasis has been put on efficiency rather than equality.