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中国政治与国际政治
GLOBALIZATION AND WELFARE STATE IN SOUTH KOREA:THE POLITICS OF WELFARE EXPANSION
Until recently, Korean society was unfamiliar with the concept of the welfare state. The absence of public welfare makes the family a central locus of welfare. In the absence of public welfare, the company becomes a main provider not only of employment but also of private welfare. 'Company welfare' is prevalent in East Asia including Japan and, to a lesser extent, Taiwan, in part due to Confucian values that identify firms as family. 'Universal' social policy was largely neglected during the period of high-speed growth (1961-1987) because governments always placed a political priority on growth. This persisted until the mid-1980s when social actors started to discuss the importance of social insurance policies in areas such as pensions, health and unemployment. But, welfare policy expanded very rapidly in the mid-1990s promoted by democratization and globalization. Especially, the welfare expansion during the period of financial crisis (1997-2002) was remarkable. New policy measures were introduced and social expenditure showed a rapid increase. For the first time in Korea welfare history, social expenditure reached 11% of GDP in 2000.
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北京论坛(2004)文明的和谐与共同繁荣:“社会发展与文明对话”社会学分论坛论文或摘要集
2004年
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