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中国政治与国际政治
What Could East Asia Offer to the World Today? A Thought on Neo-Communitarian Culture
This paper begins by asking self-reflectively what East Asia (China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, among others) could mean in ever more globalizing world like ours today. The East Asian development may be understood as a combination of such multiple trends as aggressive economic growth, political transition toward democracy, and cultural awakening in two mutually interrelated directions: first, increasing sensitivity to the question of national identity and, secondly, a post-conventional trend toward discursive testing of taken-for-granted assumptions and world views. Taking these factors into consideration, this paper discusses the possibility of neo-communitarian culture as a meaningful suggestion to the Western intellectual discourses in which the controversies between liberalism and communitarianism as well as confrontations with the limits of modernity have taken place. Against this historical and intellectual background, this paper raises questions of what East Asia could offer to the world by drawing keen attention to the recent Korean experience of neo-communitarian culture via such civil gatherings as the World-Cup street cheering in June 2002, a series of candlelight marches since then, and various on-line community movements launched by younger generations. This new phenomenon differs significantly from the old type of nationalism and collectivism in that individual choices, voluntary participation, and horizontal communication are well integrated into group solidarity. Neo-communitarian culture here presupposes the deeply penetrating effects of the Internet communication on the everyday life of young generations and civil movements. An attempt will be made from these perspectives to comprehend the major characteristics of neo-communitarian culture and their meanings to the world today.
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北京论坛(2004)文明的和谐与共同繁荣:“社会发展与文明对话”社会学分论坛论文或摘要集
2004年
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