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Sub-array patterns of spherical-section phased array for high intensity focused ultrasound surgery


  The sub-array field patterns of spherical-section phased array were implemented for noninvasive ultrasound surgery of liver-tumor. The sub-array approach included field calculation, pseudo-inverse method and genetic algorithm. The sub-arrays uncovered by ribs according to scanned images normally emitted ultrasound. The results from different sub-arrays demonstrated quite satisfied acoustic performances, which included qualified focus size and intensity level for ultrasound surgery with single-focus and multi-foci patterns. Moreover, the patterns could decrease power accumulation on the ribs, and avoid damaging normal tissues. Thus the sub-array method provides a promising tool for phased array ultrasound propagating through strong obstacles like human rib cage, and it may broaden the therapeutic area, make the surgery safer and more flexible.……