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试析晚清政府的联美外交

吴义学

  This thesis mainly puts its emphasis on introducing the US-allied foreignpolicy of the late Qing Government proceeding from the following aspects:First, it proceeds from probing into the main reasons of this foreign policyundertaken by the late Qing Government involving four facets. The firstfacet is the conflict and friction between China and the Western countriesprior to the Opium War which psychologically hinder their diplomaticcooperation and alliance. The second one attributes to the initial good imageof the US in the minds of most Chinese after hinese Queen oyaged toChina in 1784. The above-mentioned two points are the underlyingfoundations of the US-allied foreign policy of the late Qing Government.The third one is in part the result of wiser tactics adopted by the USgovernment in China compared with other western capitalist countries,comprising no direct use of force against China, no claim for territory and noendangering territorial and administrative entity of the Qing Government,which makes the late Qing Government regard the .US Government as areliable friend. The last one is the result of the failure of the QingGovernment Japan-allied and Russia-allied foreign policy.Second, it expounds the implementation of the US-allied foreign policy ofthe late Qing Government consisting of three aspects. The first aspect brieflyintroduces the US-allied foreign policy thinking of Lin Zexu, a majorofficial of the late Qing Government. The second one introduces someimportant US-allied measures undertaken by the late Qing Government in itsinitial stage including dispatching young children to the United States tostudy and sending Burlingame mission to western countries for diplomaticnegotiation. The third one will put its emphasis on the US-allied foreignpolicy thinking of Li Hongzhang, in charge of foreign affairs of the lateQ ing Government, and its implementation in some concrete foreign disputes.Last but not the least, it gives some space and lines to the introspection ofthe US-allied foreign policy of the late Qing Government and draws somelessons from it.……   
[关键词]:晚清政府;中美关系史;以夷制夷;台湾问题;蒲安臣;国家对外政策;总理衙门;美中关系;国际形势;地缘政治
[文献类型]:硕士论文
[文献出处]:外交学院2001年
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