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计算机软件版保护研究

邹伟康

  随着计算机的普及,计算机软件已日益为人们所熟知并得到广泛的使用,而对计算机软件的法律保护也随之成为各国立法者面临的共同问题。如今,各国普遍将软件纳入版权法的体系,使之成为版权法保护对象并进一步辅以专利保护。我国也顺应了这一潮流,在1990年颁布的《著作权法》中将软件作为“文学艺术作品”而予以版权保护,并于1991年颁布《软件条例》进一步补充了对计算机软件的保护。本文主要结合英美法版权法的原理,成文法及判例来探讨版权法对计算机软件版权的保护。With the widespread of computers, computer software has become a familiar subject to the public and been widely used, therefore, the legal protection of it becomes a common problem to the legislation in different countries. At present, the computer software mainly protected by Copyright Law, with the supplementary protection from Patent Laws, Trade Secrets, etc. China also follows suit and protects software asliterary and artistic worksin China Copyright Law issued in 1990, with supplementary protection for software in China Software Protection Regulations issued in 1991. The present thesis focuses on the protection for software with reference to theory, statutes and precedents in common law systems, esp. in USA and UK. 本文主要分为五个部分,第一部分主要探讨了软件版权保护的历史沿革,因为法律本身是一种承前启后的制度体系,其“今天”是建立在“昨天”的基础之上,并为其“明天”奠定了发展的基础,为此,为了更好的把握版权法对软件的保护,我们必须回顾其发展历程。这一部分主要介绍软件是如何经历艰难的历程,最终为各国的版权法所认可,并作为文学艺术作品成为版权法的保护对象。The present thesis is composed of five parts. Part one focuses on the history of software protection. As the law is a continuous system, whosetodayis established onyesterdayand continue to be the basis oftomorrow . Therefore, before starting our study, we d better review its development traces.第二部分则主要结合文学艺术作品版权保护的前提条件,版权原理等方面,论述了软件版权保护的特点。首先,软件是作为作为文学艺术作品而受到版权法的保护,因此要获得版权,软件也必须满足版权法对作品的一系列要求。作品要获得版权的最重要的前提条件是必须具有独创性,简言之,作品必须是源于作者,并带有作者的个人烙印,但在此应将版权要求的独创性同专利权所要求的新颖性严格区分开来。此外,要成为版权法保护的对象,作品不仅需具备独创性,而且其独创性必须达到一定的程度,能够体现出该作品的独特之处,文中结合美国的有关经典案例介绍了个案中对独创性程度的要求。Part Two introduces the feature of software copyright protection. First of all, software is protected as literature and artistic works, therefore it must satisfy the prerequisite for protecting literature and artistic works demanded by copyright law. In short, the most significant condition for obtaining copyright is originality of the software, which requires that the works must originate from the author and bear his unique characteristics. But here, we should clearly distinguish between the originality demanded by copyright law from the novelty required by patent law. In addition to originality, the works must reach certain standard of originality to express its own features. In the present thesis, requirement for originality standard will be shown through some factual American cases.本文中介绍的版权原理主要包括思想/表达方式两分法及思想/表达方式混合原理。前者主要阐述版权法只保护作品的表达方式,而不会保护作品的思想,否则作者将就其作品将获得等同于专利权的专有权,而这一点正是版权法所不允许的;任何人都可以自由使用版权作品中的思想,利用该思想为自己服务,但不得随意抄袭原作的表达方式,否则将构成版权侵权。Copyright theories introduced in this part mainly includes idea/expression dichotomy and merger doctrine. The former illustrates that copyright law only protect the expression of works but not its idea, otherwise the author would be granted the monoply over his works equal to that of patent, and this is not allowed by copyright law. Anyone may use the idea of the copyrightable works freely and is forbidden to copy its expression without the consent of the author, otherwise his acts will infringe the workscopyright.后者主要阐述在许多情况下,作品的思想与其表达方式发生混合,即无法?……   
[关键词]:文学艺术作品;版权保护;版权侵权;软件版权;计算机软件;专利权法;计算机程序;侵权行为;传统知识产权;Patent
[文献类型]:硕士论文
[文献出处]:对外经济贸易大学2000年