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Conserving Urban Landscape Heritage:a Geographical Approach

J.W.R.Whitehand

  The conservation of cultural heritage in urban physical form has until very recently been almost entirely concerned with individual structures, often notable buildings and monuments,and special areas.Policy-and practice-orientated bodies tend to treat historic features in geographical isolation from the wider landscapes of which they are an integral part.Yet realizing the full potential of the landscape as a cultural,educational, intellectual and economic resource requires appreciation of how individual features are connected historically and geographically:how they fit into the wider historical landscape.Greater recognition of this is belatedly,and sporadically,beginning to become evident.For example,in its World Heritage Cities Programme,UNESCO is broadening its perspective explicitly to consider historic urban landscapes as ensembles,having for long been concerned essentially with individual sites and monuments.And at a national level,English Heritage is undertaking rapid, broad-brushcharacterizations of extensive areas of urban landscape,including those that came into existence as recently as the twentieth century.……   
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