A gas-liquid coupling excitation mode is proposed and the gas-liquid excitation experimental system is developed. Air from pulse generator is mixed with liquid,through which the generated cavitation bubbles can strip contaminants adhered to the pipe inner wall rapidly. The kinematics equation of the bubble inside the hydraulic oil is established and the numerical simulations are carried out. The influential factors such as gas pressure, excitation frequency,initial bubble radius and fluid viscosity are analyzed.The results show that the cavitation will evolve from steady state to transient state with the increasing gas pressure and initial bubble radius. The pulse generator frequency has a slightly effect on the growth of the bubble radius,and the breakup time of the bubble is shortened with the rising frequency. Similarly, the increasing viscosity of liquid has minimal impact on cavitation effect,which can weaken the growth and the collapse of the bubble. Moreover,the temperature inside the cavitation bubble is investigated,indicating that the instantaneous temperature inside the bubble increases with the rising gas pressure. Once the gas pressure is raised to a certain value greater than the fluid static pressure, the instantaneous temperature inside the bubble will rise sharply. So, it can be concluded that the gas-liquid coupling excitation-induced cavitation process is controllable, and some theoretical basis of the new excitation mode is presented,which is expected to be applied in the online cleaning of the complex hydraulic system.