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Comparison Between the Effects of 2-Selenium Bridged β-Cyclodextrin and Ebselen on Treating SHRsp Stroke


  A glutathione peroxidase(GPX) mimic, 2-selenium bridged β-cyclodextrin(2-SeCD), was synthesized. In order to examine its role and mechanism in treating stroke we chose stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats(SHRsp) as animal model. 56 SHRsps of 8-week olds were randomly divided into several groups: test groups (low, moderate, high dose of 2-SeCD) and control groups(positive and negative). After onset of the stroke, the rats in test groups were orally administrated with different amounts of 2-SeCD, the positive control group with ebselen, and the negative control group with drinking water. The treatment lasted two weeks, followed by observation of the rats for 10 days, meanwhile blood pressure, biochemical parameters of plasma, and the contents of nitric oxide(NO) and malondialdehyde(MDA) in plasma and brain were determined. The results show that there were significant differences in contents of NO and MDA in plasma and brain between the test groups(high, moderate dose of 2-SeCD) and negative control group. The NO contents of the test groups were obviously higher than that of the negative control group (P<0.01). The MDA contents of the test groups(high, moderate dose of 2-SeCD) were obviously lower than that of the negative control group(P<0.01). The mechanism of 2-SeCD in treating stroke was discussed, which maybe related to the increase of NO and the decrease of MDA in plasma and brain tissue, but the exact mechanism should be further studied. Moreover, the tendencies of changes in systolic blood pressure, contents of NO and MDA, and other physiological parameters for the test groups were shown to be much better than the corresponding parameters for the positive group(the group with ebselen)(P<0.05), indicating that the treatment effect of 2-SeCD is better than that of ebselen.……