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  Mycorrhizology is a new branch study of mycology or botany,in another word,i.e.a interdiscipline gradually formed at the end of last century.Many developed and developing countries are paid more attention to mycorrhizology due to the widest symbiosis formed between fungi and plant roots in various terrestrial ecosystems,and importance in maintaining ecosystem stabilization and its sustainable productivity.It has been a subject of scientific interest since 1950 s in China,about 50 years later than in Germany which is the fist country to start formal research on mycorrhizas in 1885.Recently,knowledge of mycorrhizology has developed at a rapid pace.The new achievements in resources and biodiversity of mycorrhizal fungal community and population,growth and development of mycorrhizas,and their physiological functions are briefly introduced;while the hot research traits and its developing prospects are mainly discussed in the present paper.……